Renault FT 17 gun tank and FT 17 TSF - Brazilian Army - case report

Tankers!!!
      Today we will know two variants of the model that we can consider universal: the light tank Renault FT 17. The models are the gun tank armed with 37mm cannon and the TSF command version, in the colors of the Brazilian Army.

A Brazilian FT 17  COLONIA DOS DOURADOS
with octogonal Berliet turret and armed
with Hotckiss M1914 MG snorting in hard terrain
History:
      As we said more fully in the previous article, the Renault FT, frequently referred to in post-World War I literature as the "FT-17" or "FT17", was a French light tank that was among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history. The FT was the first production tank to have its armament within a fully rotating turret. The Renault FT's configuration – crew compartment at the front, engine compartment at the back, and main armament in a revolving turret – became and remains the standard tank layout. As such, historians of armoured warfare have called the Renault FT the world's first modern tank. Over 3,000 Renault FT tanks were manufactured by French industry, most of them during the year 1918.
      After the end of World War I, Renault FTs were exported to many countries (Belgium, Brazil, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Finland, Iran, Japan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, and Yugoslavia). Renault FT tanks were used by most nations having armoured forces, generally as their prominent tank type. In this article, we will know a little more about the FT 17 used by Brazil.
Two BraziliansRenaults FT 17
Berliet turret with 7mm Hotchkiss gun
The Renault FT 17 in Brazil:
      After the end of WWI, Brazil, like most countries, was impressed by the impact of the tanks in the battle fields, ordering several copies from France. In 1920, 12 brand new Renaults FT 17 arrived in Brazil , manufactured by Delaunay-BeIIeviIIe plant, in France.
Brand new FT 17 Berliet
with his commander
Brazilian Army - 1920
      The Brazilian tanks was 6 with casted Girod turret, armed with 37mm Puteaux guns, 5 with Berliet octagonal turrets, armed with Hotchkiss M 1914 machine guns (8mm in France; 7mm in Brazil)  and 1 TSF Command tank.

Renault FT 17 FORTE DE COIMBRA
Girod turret with 37mm Puteaux gun


Renault FT 17
Berliet turret with 7mm machine gun


Renault FT 17 TSF under repair
One of the rare photos of this model in Brazil...
pic: Eduardo Coelho collection
       At the end of 1921 was created the Company of Assault Cars (Companhia de Carros de Assalto), military unit in charge of operating the Assault Cars (Carros de Assalto), as they were called the tanks in Brazil, at that time. The tanks landed in Brazil painted in dark brown.
Renault FT 17 AVAHY
Berliet turret with 7mm MG
Brazilian tanker uniform
1925 - watercolor
    On the tank's rear sides, they carried the emblem of the unit: A knight helmet on two cannons or two crossed rifles (there were these two variations), inside a white ellipse.
Company of Assault Cars badge
Helmet with two cannons

Company of Assault Cars badge
Helmet with two rifles
      The battle cars displayed their own names, in honor of Battlefields or Campaigns, in the upper inner part of the ellipses. These markings were repeated on both sides of the vehicles.
Emblem of Company of Assault Cars – Brazilian Army
AVAHY tank

Names of Renault FT 17 tanks 
Company of Assault Cars – Brazilian Army
name
honor to
turret type
gun
Avahy
Paraguay War
Berliet oct.
Hotchkiss 7mm
Humayta
Paraguay War
Berliet oct.
Hotchkiss 7mm
Colonia dos Dourados
Paraguay War
Berliet oct.
Hotchkiss 7mm
Ytororó
Paraguay War
Berliet oct.
Hotchkiss 7mm
Caseros
1851/1852 Campaign
Berliet oct.
Hotchkiss 7mm
Forte de Coimbra
Paraguay War
Girod
Puteaux 37mm
Riachuelo
Paraguay War
Girod
Puteaux 37mm
Tuiuty
Paraguay War
Girod
Puteaux 37mm
Campina da Taborda
Guararapes Battle
Girod
Puteaux 37mm
Guararapes
Guararapes Battle
Girod
Puteaux 37mm
Palmares
Guararapes Battle
Girod
7mm / 37mm
Ypiranga
Independence
none
none


      This color scheme lasted until 1932-33, when the vehicles were painted in olive green and lost the symbols in white in the rear.

Renault FT 17 in the green painting
      The first official public appearance of the tanks took place in a military parade in which Brazil paid homage to King Albert of Belgium on an official visit (September, 7 - 1922).
Military parade in honor of King Albert (Belgium)
FT 17 roaring in Rio de Janeiro, 7 - 1922.
      The first operational use of tanks in the country occurred during the Paulista Revolution of 1924, when the Assault Company was deployed to occupy the city of São Paulo after the withdrawal of the rebel forces of that city.
FT 17 with Girod turret ant trench tail
in the Paulista Revolution - Sao Paulo, 1924.
A Ft 17 Berliet 7mm in the field...
Paulista Revolution - 1924

Two FT 17 Girod 37mm in a railcar
Notice the badges in the rear hull
      In 1925, the Company of Assault Cars turns in Combat Cars Company and in 1932, this company was extinguished, with the tanks being assigned to the Battalion School of Infantry.
A FT 17 Berliet stucked in the mud
Notice the rear badge: helmet and rifles
      Months later, the remaining tanks of the then Combat Car Company were operationally employed because of the outbreak of the Constitutionalist Revolution carried out by São Paulo on July 9, 1932.
      In 1938, it was decided to replace worn and obsolete remaining light tanks FT 17 by Fiat-Ansaldo CV-3/35 II
Fiat-Ansaldo light tank - Brazilian Army - 1938

A preserved tank Fiat-Ansaldo in Brazilian colors.
      See a movie about Fiat-Ansaldos in Brazil, in the 30's:

      In 1942, the FT 17's were finally retired, being replaced by American medium tanks Sherman M4 and M4A1.
      Today, of the 12 tanks originally received, 6 are preserved. Five in museums or monuments and one in a private collection. Five are Girod and only one berliet. The TSF got lost, unfortunately.
Renault FT 17 GUARARAPES in very good shape
Restored and operational. Girod tirret with 37mm gun.
Specs:






























             Renault FT 17 - Brazilian Army                                
Type                     Light tank
Place of origin         France
Service history
In service   1920–1942
Used by                 
  •  Brazil
Wars                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
  • Paulista Revolution - 1924
  • Constitutionalist Revolution - 1932
Production history
Designed         1916


Specifications
Weight               6.5 tonnes (6.4 long tons; 7.2 short tons)
Length              5.00 m 
Width1.74 m 
Height2.14 m 
Crew2 (commander, driver)

Armor8 to 22 mm 
Main
armament
Puteaux SA 1918 37 mm gun or 7 mm Hotchkiss machine gun
EngineRenault 4-cyl, 4.5 litre, thermo-siphon water-cooled; Gasoline (petrol) pump; Engine oil pump; Zenith preset carburettor; Magneto ignition
Power/weight              5 hp/tonne
Transmission                sliding gear; four speeds forward, one reverse. One main clutch plus two subsidiary clutches (one for each of the two tracks) used for steering the tank.
Suspension                 vertical springs
Fuel capacity95 litres (about 8 hours)
Operational range        
60 km

The kit:
      For this double project, I used the old RPM kits:
Old stuff from my kitcombs!!!
      For the markings, the excelent set of Electric Products #3505D:
Electric Product decal set. Good stuff.
      Gentleman, start your engines:

      Notice that the kits were injected in styrene of different colors. Since the helmets are identical, I will build the kits by mixing the parts parts, for an initial aesthetic question. A touch of color !!!
Awesome colors!!
Mass production!!!


Suspensions...

sponsons...

Separate colors ... Let's mix it up !!!
Hulls under construction
       The suspensions springs in plastic are awful. time to replace the horrible parts by cooper wire:
Making springs for suspensions...

Surgery in plan...

Done!!

the places...

Much better

The vinyl tracks. A cheap project with cheap materials...
...and tons of fun!!!

With shoes...

The Brazilian girls are growing...

The RPM turrets are spartan...
some details and metal scratch

vrooommmm


The TSF girl: no turret!!


      And now, let's star to build the TSF superstructure...
WARNING!!!
      Horrible images ahead... please, remove the children and cardiac patients from the front of your monitor. The following scenes may shock the most sensitive.
Injection marks in the visible side of the parts...
The "engineer" who developed these parts should be crucified !!

Unbelievable!!
The horror!!!!
       Well...After a long time to remove the pin marks and have learned and invented dozens of new curses,, the final results:
The masts of wire in the hull and trench tail
are not pleasing me ...hmmmm
ready for primer...

Gray primer...
       Markings and colors:

XF-52 Flat Earth color base


The masts really annoying me ...
          Markings: Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army, 1922. Cars "Forte de Coimbra" and "Ypiranga".
Company of Assault Cars badges

FT 17 Char Cannon "Forte de Coimbra"

FT 17 TSF "Ypiranga"
       And, finally, I decided to remove the masts from the TSF and attach the main mast to the side of the tank. I thought it looked a lot better, visually. And with that, the project was ready !!!
Tools and straps...weathering...
Notice the main mast in the side of the hull (green arrow)
      The Brazilian girls was ready: First, the Renault FT 17 char cannon Girod 37mm Puteaux gun "Forte de Coimbra" - Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army, 1922.

Renault FT 17  Girod turret 37mm Puteaux gun "Forte de Coimbra"
Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army - 1922.

Renault FT 17 - left side



Renault FT 17 - right side



Renault FT 17  with Kojak and Rover, the dog.

Renault FT 17  Girod turret 37mm Puteaux gun "Forte de Coimbra"
Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army - 1922.
      And the odd girl: Renault FT 17 TSF "Ypiranga" - Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army, 1922.

Renault FT 17 TSF "Ypiranga"
Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army, 1922.


Renault FT 17 TSF - left side



Renault FT 17 TSF - right side


Renault FT 17 TSF with Kojak and Rover
abusing a bit of luck ...


Renault FT 17 TSF "Ypiranga"
Company of Assault Cars, Brazilian Army, 1922.


Renault FT TSF and FT 17 char cannon, side by side


The Renaults were little girls. Look at her size next to
Medium Mark A Whippet. FT 17 gun is very small...

...and the FT 17 TSF. Wow!!
Brazilian girls of the old times!!!
      Renalt lineage is growing...
FT 17 37mm - FT 17 z Fumatorami  and FT 17 TSF

FT 17 dozer tank - FT 17 gun 37mm - FT 17 z Fumatorami and FT 17 TSF

See you soon, boys!!!

2 comentários:

  1. Serra, não pude deixar de notar, qual tinta você tem usado nessas garrafas de refrigerante?

    ResponderExcluir
    Respostas
    1. Desculpe o atraso, mas vamos lá: tinta duco automotiva baseada nas cores Tamiya. Hoje em dia não uso mais, por causa do cheiro.

      Excluir